OpenHerbarium Natural History Collections and Observation Projects

Altai State University Herbarium

Contact: Polina Gudkova (PDGudkova2017@yandex.ru)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: d9f20cce-fe5f-4cb6-9967-504b80e6b080
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Altai State University

Bahauddin Zakariya University Observation Records

This university has students conducting surveys for individual species. This site it designed to share the data resulting from such surveys. It is currently experimental
Contact:
Collection Type: Observations
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update:
Digital Metadata: EML File

Central Siberian Botanical Garden M.G. Popov Herbarium

Contact: Nataliya Kovtonyuk (knat2008@yandex.ru)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 23 July 2019
Digital Metadata: EML File
Usage Rights: CC BY (Attribution)
Rights Holder: Central Siberian Botanical Garden
Access Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/


GCU-GCUSAH

Dr. Sultan Ahmad Herbarium

The Department of Botany is one of the oldest departments in the University, being established in 1902. Prof. Shiv Ram Kashyap, who was the department head from 1912 to 1934, established a museum and herbarium. The herbarium’s holdings included plants from many regions, including China, Indonesia and Philippines, and its collection of liverworts and mosses was considered the largest in the subcontinent at that time. The collection grew to include several hundred specimens of algae, fungi, bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms but, when the University of the Punjab was established as a separate institution, most of the specimens were transferred there. The present museum and herbarium are named the Prof. Kashyap Museum and Dr. Sultan Ahmed Herbarium. Both are being actively developed. The Department also has a botanic garden, Botanic Garden GCU, which was founded in 1912 and extends over 7 acres. It has long been recognized for the diversity of its holdings. It is home to Pakistan’s Botanic Gardens Network Secretariat.
Contact: Dr. Safdar Ali Mirza (safdaralimirza@gcu.edu.pk)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: eefe3763-1f7b-4782-b6b9-19b4a0ebb9c7
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Government College University

General Observations

Contact: Mary Barkworth (Mary.Barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: General Observations
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 9a36f339-a2a7-463f-bfe2-4ab7a54fea6b
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File

Marina Olonova's Collections

This collection has been created to enable data storage and label printing before deposition in a herbarium
Contact: Marina Olonova (olonova@list.ru)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: a565ea39-17b9-482d-ab77-5e1ba673c73f
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Marina Olonova


MO

Missouri Botanical Garden

Plants are essential to sustaining the stability and quality of human life on this planet. At the Missouri Botanical Garden, we have dedicated ourselves to helping conserve biological diversity while there is still something left to protect. Our research provides scientific information essential to decision makers, from conservation and land use to social and environmental policy. We have taken the lead in making information widely accessible via the Internet, maintaining the world's largest botanical database and the premier botanical website, TROPICOS. Garden scientists conduct the most productive and geographically widespread botanical research program in the world.
Contact: Jim Solomon (jim.solomon@mobot.org)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 22 October 2018
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Missouri Botanical Garden


MoERD-SOLAND-V

National Herbarium, Somaliland

The Ministry of Environment and Rural Development is starting a National Herbarium for Somaliland. Somaliland's plant and animal diversity is an integral part of its natural heritage and the Ministry is committed to conserving this heritage, enabling the country's citizens to learn about it, understand it, and learning how it can be effectively used to promote the well-being of Somaliland's citizens. The herbarium is a part of this commitment. It will house specimens from all over Somaliland and most of its records will be publicly accessible, restrictions being placed only on those of plants of limited distribution and/or over-collection by commercial or personal collectors.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 6e76f9dd-d254-4ead-b14b-c72ea4f6e702
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Minisitry of Environment and Rural Development
Access Rights: Public Domain

University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir Herbarium

The herbarium, which was established in 2019, is focused on the flora of Azad Kashmir and northern Pakistan. This floristically rich region encompasses subtropical, temperate, and alpine floras.
Contact: Tariq Habib (tariqhabib76@gmail.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: f55f64e5-95bc-4a88-844a-422051245ea6
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Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir

University of Sargodha Herbarium

The University of Sargodha herbarium was founded in 2015. Its focus is the Sargodha Division of Punjab Province, Pakistan. It includes four districts: Sargodha, Khushab, Bhakkar, and Mianwal. It is one of the fastest growing areas in Pakistan. The area has very hot (50C) in the summer but can drop to freezing in the winter.
Contact: Amin Shah (aminullahshah@gmail.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 96883c50-800c-45da-af6f-aa8c5fae85ba
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File


RAW

National Herbarium, Pakistan

Contact: Amir Sultan (amirsultan_2000@yahoo.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: f788444c-d96b-4e99-bf3b-734c0e614a3c
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: National Herbarium


BANNU-BANNU

Post Graduate College Bannu Herbarium

Bannu is located in Waziristan. It is a mountainous region comprising two districts, North Waziristan and South Waziristan that are now included in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. There are no checklists for the region, let alone a flora. It is also poorly represented in the world's herbaria, including those of Pakistan. BANNU was established in 1960 but has only recently (2017) been given the support required to make significant progress in documenting and summarizing Waziristan's florist diversity and its use by local people.
Contact: Shahid Jamil (shahidberg@uop.edu.pk)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 4f0c970b-d12e-451c-84d8-9c45548a7bc8
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Government Post graduate College Bannu


QAU-ISL

Quaid-i-Azam University Herbarium

ISL was established in 1974. It is now the largest herbarium in Pakistan having 180,000 specimens. These include 150 flowering plants plus many gymnosperms and non-vascular plants. The oldest specimens were collected some 50 years ago and 52 per cent of all flowering plant genera are represented in the collection. They have been collected from all over Pakistan including Gilgit-Baltistan, Salt Range, Galliyat, Deserts, Sindh, Baluchistan, Azad Jamu, Kasmir, and other parts of the northern Himalayas. The herbarium supports and promotes research on a wide range of environmental and biodiversity issues. Its holdings include many important endangered, rare and vulnerable plant species. The herbarium scientists are committed to making this important collection more accessible to botanists and others, wherever they may be, for use in their own projects: particularly in biodiversity, conservation and sustainable development. Currently, the herbarium is being used by projects in taxonomy, molecular systematics, revisions, palynology, diversity of wild vegetables and edible fruits, plants for biodiesel resources, medicinal plants and Himalayan, deserts and subtropical flora of Pakistan. The herbarium’s holdings may be consulted by anyone interested. Visitors routinely include foreigners, scientists, herbalists, naturalists, students and teachers from universities, colleges and schools. In this way, the herbarium plays an important role in promotion of natural history of plant wealth of Pakistan. Dr. Mushtaq Ahmad, a plant taxonomist, Dr. Muhammad Zafar, a herbarium botanist, assisted by their post-graduate students, initiated digitization of ISL in 2018. The records are available through OpenHerbarium.org and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF.org) and are stored in accordance with accepted protocols. Individuals needing to view complete information for endangered, rare and vulnerable species should contact Dr. Mushtaq Ahmad for permission.
Contact: Dr. Mushtaq Ahmad (mushtaqflora@hotmail.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 546763b3-9e23-4d60-8050-525399907c92
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Quaid-i-Azam University


SWAT

University of Swat Herbarium

The Swat University Herbarium was started in 2015, 5 years after foundation of the university. It is currently in temporary housing on the main Grand Trunk Rd through Odigram but will move to its own building at the Charbagh Campus when construction has been completed. Swat lies at the junction of three major mountain ranges: Himalayas, Hindukush, and Karakorum. It is home to an enormously diverse flora, one that contains Central Asian, European, and Himalayan elements. A high proportion of its taxa are endemic, or nearly endemic, to the region and many of its species are rare. There are also many taxa that are highly valued as medicinal plants. The fungal flora is less well known but it can be expected to have comparable diversity. The Centre for Plant Sciences and Biodiversity Conservation is home to experts in several plant groups and macrofungi.
Contact: Dr. Zahid Ullah (zahidmattagmail.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: a354c62f-d8f9-47a9-a775-c3b76c5cafec
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: University of Swat


QUETTA

University of Balochistan Herbarium

The herbarium houses vascular plants, algae, fungi, and bryopytes. It has about 1000 specimens.
Contact: Prof. Dr. Mudassir Asrar (mudassir.asrar@gmail.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 74e14f36-7895-4b69-be71-4460a94d4592
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: University of Balochistan
Access Rights: CC 0


BGH

University of Malakand

The foci of the University of Malakand Botanic Garden and Herbarium are 1) conservation of the local flora both in- and ex-situ; 2) development of a herbarium emphasizing local species; 3) monographic study of local species, particularly those of high value medicinal plants; 4) DNA/Protein genotyping with an emphasis on local species; 5) tissue culture of rare local species to support their conservation and multiplication. The herbarium currently has about 2000 dry specimens from different localities in the Malakand division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. More than 60% of the plants are endemic to Malakand division and acclimated to the environmental conditions of the botanic garden.
Contact: Mohammad Nisar, (mnshaalpk@yahoo.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: af63c11a-8e9b-40ca-9966-aab2c2e0f886
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: University of Malakand


PUP

University of Peshawar Herbarium

The University of Peshawar was found in 1950 and its herbarium two years later. It is adjacent to Islamia College, founded in 1913. The Department of Botany has an active program in plant systematics and conservation.
Contact: Abdur Rashid (drabdurashid@yahoo.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 0b689c10-587b-4e09-a105-2af774ad0c95
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: University of Peshawar


SINDH-SINDH

University of Sindh Jamshoro Herbarium

The herbarium of the University of Sindh Jamshoro is one of two key components of the Institute of Plant Sciences, the other being establishment of a botanic garden. The herbarium was initiated in the 1950s, primarily as a teaching resource. In 2018, with support from the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan, it is being transformed into a research herbarium. A key part of this transformation has been identifying its primary goals as 1) documentation of the flora of Sindh and adjacent regions of Balochistan; 2) providing instruction in the importance and preparation of voucher specimens in botanical research; and sharing of what is learned with diverse audiences through multiple outlets. In December 2018, the herbarium began sharing its data via OpenHerbarium, a Symbiota network, and, early in 2019, via the Global Biodiversity Information Facility. In 2018, the collection included about 15,000 specimens, essentially all of which are of vascular plants.
Contact: Dr. Rabia Memon (rabia.memon@usindh.edu.pk)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: bbf541d6-e532-4c8c-9ff5-23f8d3d4656d
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: University of Sindh


FoPK

Flora of Pakistan

The Flora of Pakistan is a multi-volume work, started in 1971 at the University of Karachi and now nearing completion with Drs. S.I. Ali and M. Qaiser as lead editors and, since 2000, help from the Missouri Botanical Garden. Each treatment includes specimen citations. The records in this "collection" come from these citations. Each record is georeferenced but only to center of the 2 degree grid given for that record. The uncertainty is 293,295 m so the maps only provide a very coarse grained distribution. Anyone interested in refining the georeference information should contact Dr. Mary Barkworth, Utah State University, who is overseeing the incorporation of these invaluable records into this web site.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 3 October 2018
Digital Metadata: EML File


CoAF

Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Afghanistan

In 2012, Prof. Dietrich Podlech compiled a Checklist of the Flowering plants of Afghanistan and made it available online. It listed, for each species, the districts of Afghanistan where it was known to grow. The data in CoAF were obtained by extracting the distributional information from that checklist. Contact information is for Mary Barkworth who apologizes for any errors in the presentation. For questions about the checklist, contact Prof. Podlech (podlech symbol lrz.uni-muenchen.de)
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 27 March 2016
Digital Metadata: EML File


HARG

University of Hargeisa Herbarium

The University of Hargeisa initiated development of a herbarium in April 2015. Later that year it was decided to develop a Natural History Museum of which the herbarium will be a part. The Museum will focus on plants, animals, and fungi of Somaliland. At present, almost all its specimens are of vascular plants but there are a few image-based animal records in the museum. These can be found at http://openherbarium.org/zoo/portal/index.php.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 2a400f2e-fd2c-4e2e-90c3-b49b557056e4
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: University of Hargeisa

University of Hargeisa's Botanic Garden

The Biodiversity Museum of the University of Hargeisa has established a small area in front of the museum for growing succulent plants, thereby facilitating research on their growth, phenology, and biology. Documentation of their growth will occur through imaging, presented on this site, and a spreadsheet.
Contact: Faisal Jama Gelle (faisaljama24@gmail.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 0b1f597f-b6ea-42df-b542-7fa189c95d06
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: University of Hargeisa
Access Rights: Public Domain


FoSO

Flora of Somalia, Mats Thulin (Editor)

The Flora of Somalia is a 4 volume work published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The first volume was published in 1993, the last in 2006. It is a multi-authored work contains detailed descriptions, distributional information, identification keys, numerous illustrations, and considerable additional information for each taxon. The distributional information is given in terms of regions. This site offers a view of the distributional information in the flora.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 5 July 2015
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew


FoEE

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea

Distribution records from volume 7 (grasses) and part of volume 6 (other monocots) from the Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Enabling access to the distribution data from the two volumes is designed to illustrate the value of this method of sharing information. Contact information is for data on this web site.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 18 July 2015
Digital Metadata: EML File


EA

East African Herbarium

Founded in 1902 in Amani, Tanzania, the East African Herbarium (EA) maintains the largest botanical collection in tropical Africa. It now holds over 1,000,000 plant and fungal specimens. Collections of roots, rhizomes, woods, fruits and seeds too large for standard herbarium sheets are also maintained. EA is a major regional as well as national botanical reference centre. Research focuses primarily on the taxonomy, distribution, use and conservation of East African plants. Investigations have generally been project based, the Indigenous Food Plants Programme and the Coastal Forest Survey being examples. Field surveys have contributed to the Flora of Tropical East Africa (FTEA) and more specialized floras such as those for Kakamega Forest, Coastal forests, Afro- Alpine ecosystems, and moist and dryland hilltops as well as to publications in peer reviewed journals. Digitization of EA collections is ongoing. Type specimens (>4500), endemics (>1100), rare and CITES listed species have already been digitized. Information for them is already online. The major library collection housed in the herbarium is an indispensable research source and the Herbarium's plant identification service is extensively used by local and international researchers as well as by interested members of the public. In 1992, plant Ex Situ and In Situ Conservation programmes were established for the express purpose of ensuring the survival and proliferation of threatened flora. Activities include collection and maintenance of seed accessions for long term storage and propagation. Some of the rare plants, especially succulents and orchids, are preserved at the Nairobi Botanic Garden. The EA herbarium offers training courses in plant conservation, herbarium techniques, and bioinformatics. In addition, over 1500 biology students from universities visit the herbarium for plant taxonomy and conservation talks. Collaboration with other local and international research/academic institutions is welcome.
Contact: Dr. Itambo Malombe (botany@museums.or.ke)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update:
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: National Museums of Kenya


MUST

Al-Mustansiriyah University

The collection is focused on vascular plants of Iraq and surrounding regions.
Contact: Dr. Hadeel Al-Newani (yassen_h2006@yahoo.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: f6fb57f7-c3bd-4303-b44d-aa2433f0075e
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File


FoIQ

Flora of Iraq

The Flora of Iraq started in 1960 as a project of the National Herbarium, Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad in collaboration with Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK. The records presented here are from the specimen citations in the published volumes of the Flora.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: a27bc80b-c7dd-4452-be04-c5928130b4ea
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Ministry of Agriculture, Iraq


Barkworth-TRIT

Triticeae

Records in this collection are of specimens on loan to UTC for study by Barkworth.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 108ce82b-3adf-4441-bf77-5632798c92a2
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File
Access Rights: Varied; consult owning herbarium

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

The records here are a tiny subset of the 7 million specimens at Kew. They have been entered to expand information available through OpenHerbarium for Africa and southwest Asia.
Contact: Alan Paton (a.paton@kew.org)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update:
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Intermountain Herbarium of Utah State University

ecords in this database are of the vascular plants in the Intermountain Herbarium. Records for fungi, lichens and bryophytes are now being posted to the taxon-specific networks. The geographic focus of the Intermountain Herbarium is the Intermountain Region of western North America but its holdings come from many different countries. It even has one or more specimens from each of the seven continents. The collection is particularly rich in the Scrophulariaceae (traditional sense) and grasses, including voucher specimens of plants used by by the late D.R. Dewey in his cytogenetic studies of the Triticeae.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 14 June 2017
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Utah State University

Miscellaneous Important Records

This collection is for adding specimen records of important specimens, such as types, located in herbaria that are not contributors to OpenHerbarium. If found on the web, a link will be provided to the primary record.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: a32213ad-b962-4e3c-b3f5-b259e4d22002
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File


SEINet

North American Herbaria in SEINet Network

Records in this collection have been downloaded from SEINet,a US Symbiota herbarium network which is accessible via multiple portals (e.g., ,Intermountainbiota.org. Most records currently in the network are of specimens collected in the US. Only records from Africa and southwestern Asia (Mediterranean east through India) have been added to OpenHerbarium.
Contact: SEINet Administrator (seinetAdmin@asu.edu)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 18 July 2015
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Varied

Kimeu

Records in EA temp are from Kimeu's database of Aristida for Somalia. He has kindly provided them for demonstration purposes. Kimeu is a curator at EA, the national herbarium of Africa.
Contact: Mbaluka Kimeu (jkmbaluka@yahoo.com)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 24 September 2015
Digital Metadata: EML File

Vorontsova Data

The records in this collection come from Dr. Maria Vorontsova who kindly made them available to help demonstrate the potential of the site. They are essentially her research notes. The specimens themselves at in the herbaria listed under "OtherCataloNumbers"
Contact: Maria Vorontsova (m.vorontsova@kew.org)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Data snapshot of local collection database
Last Update: 24 September 2015
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Maria Vorontsova

Sandbox

Just to try things out during this workshop
Contact: (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Observations
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 76aab728-4c32-48f9-ad9d-76fe623638f5
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File

Labels

This exists solely to generat labels. The records will be deleted.
Contact:
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 41028bf3-47ef-415d-a6c7-50886cbd78da
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File


Images

Image-based observations

This is a collection of image-based observations submitted by general users of this portal.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (mary.barkworth@usu.edu)
Collection Type: Observations
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 9a1d2fc7-8f8d-40d7-a2f1-30bd77a06a6a
Live Data Download: Login for access
Digital Metadata: EML File