J.S. Sands & m. Thulin (1999). Balanitaceae in Flora of Somalia 2:168-171
PLants shrubs or trees, up to 9 m tall. Young stems and spines green, appressed puberulent, becoming glabrous. Spines arising 0.5-1.5 cm above the leaf axils, (3-)4.5-10(-13) cm long, sometimes widened dorsiventrally at the base. Scle leaves frequent, usually falling quickly, up to 2 mm long; foliage leaves usually few, subsessile or with petioles up to 3 mm long; leaflets 2, sessile, thinly leathery, 2.2-6.2 cm long, 1.2-3.8 cm long, 1.2-3.8 cm long, elliptic, obovate or obovate-spathulate, bases cuneate, tips rounded to acute. lower surfaces often appressed puberulent, upper surfaceae glabrous. Inforescences of clusters of flowers, usually on the spines, sometimes on the parent axes. Flowers pedicellate; pedicels 3.5-10 mm long, tomentellous; perianth 4(5-)-merous; sepals 4.5-5 mm long, silky hairy; petals narrowly obovate-oblong, yellowish green to white, 6-7 mm long; stamens 8(-10); ovaries glabrous; styles about 1.5 mm long. Fruits not markedly elongating early in development, initially ellipsoidal and pointed at both ends, then ovoid, becoming yellow, orange or pale red when ripe, 2.4-3.6 cm long, 1.5-2 cm wide.
Balanites glabra grows in deciduous buchland and open woodland, usually on loamy soil or clay, persissting in degraed vegetation, at 1020-1370 m. It is known from Ethiopia, Somaliand (regon N1 in the Flora of Somalia), Kenya and northern Tanzania.
Habit: Evergeen trees or shrubs with greyish green, deeply fissured, scaly bark and braches with spirally arranged green spines up to 8 cm long
Leaves growing from the base of the spines, with 2 leafletsper lead.
Flowers small, in clusters, green/yellow.
Fruits oblong with leathery skines, turning yellow to orang oe pale red, edible.
Balanits glabra is often planted along the banks of irrigation ditches because extracts from the bark and ruit kill the snails that cause shistosomiasis (Helen Picking in Introduction of Plants of Central Somaliland).
Awale & Jama (2018). Hordhaca dhirta badhtamaha Soomaalilaand.
Geed illaa 10 m ah. Goorwalba cagaarane, jirridiisu qolof leh, oo dambasi-cagaar ah, oo leh jeexjeexyo dhaadheer. Laamo kala fidsan oo leh qodxo wareegsan oo cagaar ah oo illaa 8 cm ah. Caleemo ka baxay gunta hoose ee qodxaanta, iyaga oo badan, oo talantaalli ah, oo caleentii kasta leedahay laba caleen yaro. Ubax yar, cagaar/hurdi ah oo rucub ah. Midho sida shaxanka laydiga ah u samaysan oo leh dub sida saanta ah, oo ah cagaar hurdi isku beddelaya, oo la cuni karo.
Degmada: Inta badan dhul ciideedka qallalan, joog ah illaa 1,500 m.
Filiqsanaanta: Afrikada Saxaraha ka hooseeya, Saambiya, Simbaabwi iyo Urdun.
Fiiro: Inta badan waxa laga beeraa hareeraha marin biyoodyada waraabka, maadaama oo ay jirridiisa iyo midhihiisu ay soo saaraan waxyaabo dilaa u ah alaalaxayda qaadda xanuunka bilhaarsiyada.