Flora of Somalia 2: 84
Plants shrubs or trees up to 6 (-9) m tall; trunks to 25 cm in diameter; bark grey, with longitudinal fissures. Leaves 2-5 cm long, 0.5-2.5 cm long, obovate, oblanceolate, or elliptic, dark grey-green, leathery, with indistinct venation, bases cuneate, tips usually rounded or emarginate, rarely apiculate. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, subsessile or shortly pedunculate, cymes composed of a terminal pistillate flower subtended by 2 staminate flowers; Staminate flowers: stamens 4; filaments about 3 mm long; ovary rudimentary. Capsules 1-1.5 cm long, about 0.7 cm wide, ovoid. Seeds 5-7 mm long, ellipsoid, dark brown, shining.
Buxus hildebrandtii grows in open Juniperus procera forests, forming a Buxus-Juniperus association with Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata, Cadia purpurea, and Dracaena ombet and Buxus-Acokanthera evergreen bushland association, the latter frequently in almost monospecific stands on the slopes of rocky gullies of wadis. It also forms clumps in Acacia-Commiphora bushland, on both limestone and volcanic rocks. Buxus hildebrandtii grows at (300-)600-2000 m in Somaliland and Somalia, being known from regions recognized in the Flora of Somalia as N1-N3 and an isolated locality in region C1.
©Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; reproduced with permission. The major human threats to Buxus hildebrandtii are cutting and burning and clearing for cultivation or settlement in the places where it grows. The impact of these action is made many times worse by lack of natural regeneration, probably partly a result of persistent drought but possibly also to lack of suitable habitat, one with appropriate soil and shade for seedlings.
Awale & Jama (2018). Hordhaca dhirta badhtamaha Soomaalilaand.
Geed gaab ama geed yare illaa 6 m ah; jirrid dambasi ah. Caleemo isku beegan, cagaar rasiin ah, oo sida ugxanta u samaysan iyo hareero siman. Ubax yar, cagaar xiga oo ruqurta caleenta ku yaal. Midho gal ama dahaadh ku jira.
Sabada: Meelaha furan ee kaymaha kulanka, joog dhan 600 – 2000 m.
Filiqsanaanta: Bariga Itoobiya iyo Jabuuti.
Parasites: Soaking crushed fresh leaves in water for 6 h and the water is taken orally.
Diabetes: Soaking crushed fresh leaves in water and the water is taken orally.
Infections: Soaking crushed fresh leaves in water and the water is taken orally.
Source: Hassan-Abdallah A., Ali Merito, Souad Hassan, Djaltou Aboubaker, Mahdi Djama, Zemede Asfaw, Ensermu Kelbessa. 2013. Medicinal plants and their uses by the people in the Region of Randa, Djibouti. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 148: 701–713.
OTHER: The wood is fairly hard and is used for making spoons and other small wood utensils such as bowls and combs. Larger pieces of wood are used for roof structures.
It is not grazed by animals.
Source: Friis, I. Flora of Somalia 2: 85.