Select a collection to see full details.


Al-Mustansiriyah University

The collection is focused on vascular plants of Iraq and surrounding regions.
Contact: Dr. Hadeel Al-Newani (
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Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Afghanistan

In 2012, Prof. Dietrich Podlech compiled a Checklist of the Flowering plants of Afghanistan and made it available online. It listed, for each species, the districts of Afghanistan where it was known to grow. The data in CoAF were obtained by extracting the distributional information from that checklist. Contact information is for Mary Barkworth who apologizes for any errors in the presentation. For questions about the checklist, contact Prof. Podlech (podlech symbol
Contact: Mary Barkworth (


Records in this collection have been obtained from checklists. For now, the reference involved is in the locality field.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (
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East African Herbarium

Founded in 1902 in Amani, Tanzania, the East African Herbarium (EA) maintains the largest botanical collection in tropical Africa. It now holds over 1,000,000 plant and fungal specimens. Collections of roots, rhizomes, woods, fruits and seeds too large for standard herbarium sheets are also maintained. EA is a major regional as well as national botanical reference centre. Research focuses primarily on the taxonomy, distribution, use and conservation of East African plants. Investigations have generally been project based, the Indigenous Food Plants Programme and the Coastal Forest Survey being examples. Field surveys have contributed to the Flora of Tropical East Africa (FTEA) and more specialized floras such as those for Kakamega Forest, Coastal forests, Afro- Alpine ecosystems, and moist and dryland hilltops as well as to publications in peer reviewed journals. Digitization of EA collections is ongoing. Type specimens (>4500), endemics (>1100), rare and CITES listed species have already been digitized. Information for them is already online. The major library collection housed in the herbarium is an indispensable research source and the Herbarium's plant identification service is extensively used by local and international researchers as well as by interested members of the public. In 1992, plant Ex Situ and In Situ Conservation programmes were established for the express purpose of ensuring the survival and proliferation of threatened flora. Activities include collection and maintenance of seed accessions for long term storage and propagation. Some of the rare plants, especially succulents and orchids, are preserved at the Nairobi Botanic Garden. The EA herbarium offers training courses in plant conservation, herbarium techniques, and bioinformatics. In addition, over 1500 biology students from universities visit the herbarium for plant taxonomy and conservation talks. Collaboration with other local and international research/academic institutions is welcome.
Contact: Dr. Itambo Malombe (


Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea

Distribution records from volume 7 (grasses) and part of volume 6 (other monocots) from the Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Enabling access to the distribution data from the two volumes is designed to illustrate the value of this method of sharing information. Contact information is for data on this web site.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (
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Flora of Iraq

The Flora of Iraq started in 1960 as a project of the National Herbarium, Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad in collaboration with Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK. The records presented here are from the specimen citations in the published volumes of the Flora.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (
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Flora of Pakistan

The Flora of Pakistan is a multi-volume work, started in 1971 at the University of Karachi and now nearing completion with Drs. S.I. Ali and M. Qaiser as lead editors and, since 2000, help from the Missouri Botanical Garden. Each treatment includes specimen citations. The records in this "collection" come from these citations. Each record is georeferenced but only to center of the 2 degree grid given for that record. The uncertainty is 293,295 m so the maps only provide a very coarse grained distribution. Anyone interested in refining the georeference information should contact Dr. Mary Barkworth, Utah State University, who is overseeing the incorporation of these invaluable records into this web site.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (
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Flora of Somalia, Mats Thulin (Editor)

The Flora of Somalia is a 4 volume work published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The first volume was published in 1993, the last in 2006. It is a multi-authored work contains detailed descriptions, distributional information, identification keys, numerous illustrations, and considerable additional information for each taxon. The distributional information is given in terms of regions. This site offers a view of the distributional information in the flora.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (

Flora of Turkey

The Flora of Turkey, edited by P.H. Davis, was completed in 1985. A few records have been entered from its specimen citations to demonstrate the ability of the software to provide such information
Contact: ()
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General Observations

Contact: Mary Barkworth (
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Image-based observations

This is a collection of image-based observations submitted by general users of this portal.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (
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Intermountain Herbarium of Utah State University

ecords in this database are of the vascular plants in the Intermountain Herbarium. Records for fungi, lichens and bryophytes are now being posted to the taxon-specific networks. The geographic focus of the Intermountain Herbarium is the Intermountain Region of western North America but its holdings come from many different countries. It even has one or more specimens from each of the seven continents. The collection is particularly rich in the Scrophulariaceae (traditional sense) and grasses, including voucher specimens of plants used by by the late D.R. Dewey in his cytogenetic studies of the Triticeae.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (
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Records in EA temp are from Kimeu's database of Aristida for Somalia. He has kindly provided them for demonstration purposes. Kimeu is a curator at EA, the national herbarium of Africa.
Contact: Mbaluka Kimeu (
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Miscellaneous Important Records

This collection is for adding specimen records of important specimens, such as types, located in herbaria that are not contributors to OpenHerbarium. If found on the web, a link will be provided to the primary record.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (
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Miscellaneous publications

These records are taken from the literature. The citation will be found as a note.
Contact: Mary Barkworth (
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National Herbarium, Pakistan

Contact: Amir Sultan (
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North American Herbaria in SEINet Network

Records in this collection have been downloaded from SEINet,a US Symbiota herbarium network which is accessible via multiple portals (e.g., , Most records currently in the network are of specimens collected in the US. Only records from Africa and southwestern Asia (Mediterranean east through India) have been added to OpenHerbarium.
Contact: SEINet Administrator (

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

The records here are a tiny subset of the 7 million specimens at Kew. They have been entered to expand information available through OpenHerbarium for Africa and southwest Asia.
Contact: Alan Paton (


Just to try things out during this workshop
Contact: (
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Swat University Herbarium

The Swat University Herbarium was started in 2015, 5 years after foundation of the university. It is currently in temporary housing on the main Grand Trunk Rd through Odigram but will move to its own building at the Charbagh Campus when construction has been completed. Swat lies at the junction of three major mountain ranges: Himalayas, Hindukush, and Karakorum. It is home to an enormously diverse flora, one that contains Central Asian, European, and Himalayan elements. A high proportion of its taxa are endemic, or nearly endemic, to the region and many of its species are rare. There are also many taxa that are highly valued as medicinal plants. The fungal flora is less well known but it can be expected to have comparable diversity. The Centre for Plant Sciences and Biodiversity Conservation is home to experts in several plant groups and macrofungi.
Contact: Dr. Zahid Ullah (
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University of Balochistan Herbarium

The herbarium houses vascular plants, algae, fungi, and bryopytes. It has about 1000 specimens
Contact: Prof. Dr.. Mudassir Asrar (
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University of Hargeisa Herbarium

The University of Hargeisa initiated development of a herbarium in April 2015. Later that year it was decided to develop a Natural History Museum of which the herbarium will be a part. The Museum will focus on plants, animals, and fungi of Somaliland. There are a few image-based animal records in the museum. These can be found at
Contact: Mary Barkworth (
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University of Malakand

The foci of the University of Malakand Botanic Garden and Herbarium are 1) conservation of the local flora both in- and ex-situ; 2) development of a herbarium emphasizing local species; 3) monographic study of local species, particularly those of high value medicinal plants; 4) DNA/Protein genotyping with an emphasis on local species; 5) tissue culture of rare local species to support their conservation and multiplication. The herbarium currently has about 2000 dry specimens from different localities in the Malakand division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. More than 60% of the plants are endemic to Malakand division and acclimated to the environmental conditions of the botanic garden.
Contact: Mohammad Nisar, (
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University of Peshawar Herbarium

The University of Peshawar was found in 1950 and its herbarium two years later. It is adjacent to Islamia College, founded in 1913. The Department of Botany has an active program in plant systematics and conservation.
Contact: Abdur Rashid (
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Vorontsova Data

The records in this collection come from Dr. Maria Vorontsova who kindly made them available to help demonstrate the potential of the site. They are essentially her research notes. The specimens themselves at in the herbaria listed under "OtherCataloNumbers"
Contact: Maria Vorontsova (
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